What Causes Pain in Back of Knee?
Experiencing pain in the back of the knee can be disruptive to your daily activities mobility. The causes of this discomfort can vary ranging from minor injuries to more serious medical conditions. Understanding the potential causes of pain in the back of the knee can help you take appropriate measures to address manage it.
1. Meniscus Tears
One common cause of pain in the back of the knee is a meniscus tear. The meniscus is a C-shaped disc located between the thigh bone shin bone that acts as a shock absorber. When this disc is torn usually due to sudden twisting or direct impact it can cause pain swelling in the back of the knee. Meniscus tears are often accompanied by a popping sound may restrict movement.
Bursitis refers to the inflammation of the bursae small fluid-filled sacs that act as cushions between bones tendons muscles. Inflammation of the bursa behind the knee known as “Baker’s cyst” can cause pain swelling in the back of the knee. Bursitis can be caused by repetitive motions overuse injuries or underlying medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis.
3. Hamstring Strain
The hamstring muscles run along the back of the thigh attach below the knee. If these muscles are overstretched or torn it can lead to pain in the back of the knee. Hamstring strains often occur during activities that involve sudden acceleration or deceleration such as sprinting or jumping.
4. Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injuries
The PCL is a ligament in the knee responsible for preventing the shin bone from sliding too far backward. When this ligament is strained or torn it can result in pain instability in the back of the knee. PCL injuries commonly occur during sports activities that involve a direct blow to the front of the knee or landing awkwardly from a jump.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that can affect any joint in the body including the knee. This condition involves the wearing down of the joint’s cartilage over time leading to pain stiffness. When osteoarthritis affects the back of the knee it can cause discomfort limited range of motion.
6. Calf Muscle Dystonia
Calf muscle dystonia refers to the involuntary spasms or contractions of the calf muscles. This condition can cause referred pain to the back of the knee. Calf muscle dystonia may be triggered by physical activity dehydration or certain neurological conditions.
Pain in the back of the knee can be caused by various factors ranging from minor injuries to chronic conditions. If you experience persistent or severe pain it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis appropriate treatment. Proper rest physical therapy exercises can often help alleviate pain improve mobility in the back of the knee promoting overall well-being.